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特朗普说美国“重建”了中国

作者:斯韧,张月如   来源:中美印象   字体放大  字体缩小

《美中关系快报》第59期

美国东部时间7月14日下午5点,特朗普总统在白宫玫瑰园举行记者招待会。记者被告知,特朗普将就他签署《香港自治法案》(Hong Kong Autonomy Act)和终止香港特殊贸易地位的行政命令发表讲话并回答问题。(点击这里查看特朗普讲话英文原文)
     然而,特朗普把这个记者招待会变成了竞选集会,自己“独白”52分钟,回答记者问题不到10分钟就拂袖而去。
     他在“独白”中先是恶心中国,然后把民主党总统候选人拜登副总统说得一钱不值。
     美国哥伦比亚广播公司(CBS)白宫首席记者盖若特(Major Garrett)说,这场新闻发布会显示特朗普总统和竞选团队已经意识到特朗普最近在民调中的下滑,因此,他们感觉必须要做一些强烈的举动来为选举注入新的活力。
   《纽约时报》称这次记者招待会是特朗普表现最差的讲话之一,语无伦次,一个小时的“意识流”。

    在中国问题上,特朗普都讲了什么?

一、我们不会犯错误,我们要让中国对掩盖病毒的流行并让它流向全世界承担责任。(中国)可以终止它的外流,也应该终止它的外流。在疫情刚开始的时候,在源头上非常容易做到这一点。相比而言,拜登的整个生涯对中国共产党就是一个礼物。……中国每年从我们国家拿走数千亿美金。我们重建了中国。我说他们干得不错,但之前站在这里的人一塌糊涂,因为他们造成了中国从我们的国库拿走千万亿美元。 ……

二、拜登亲自给了中国最惠国待遇,这对任何一个国家都是一个巨大的优势。没有多少国家可以享受最惠国待遇。美国没有,从来就没有,也许从来没要过,因为他们不知道自己在干什么。

三、你们知道,我们征收了大量关税,我们向中国强征高关税。中国给美国支付了数以千亿计的关税,其中很大一部分我给了我们的农民和牧民。因为他们被中国敲诈勒索。我们这样做已经3年了。这是历史上第一次有人这样做。在新冠病毒之前,中国正经历自己67年历史上经济发展最差的一年。

四、没有哪一届政府比我这一届对中国更凶。我们向中国征收史无前例的关税。没有人象我们这样对中国盗窃知识产权说不。我们对不值得信任的中国科技和电讯公司说不。我们还说服很多国家也这样做。这基本上是我一个人在做。不要用华为的东西,因为我们认为它不安全,对我们的安全构成威胁。我说服很多国家不要跟华为有来往。如果它们要跟我们做生意就不能用华为。今天,联合王国宣布他们不会使用华为设备。这件事拖了很久,但他们做出了决定。

五、你看看意大利,你看看其他许多国家。我们从被中国控制的世界卫生组织退出了。我重建了美国的军队。我们一年给(世界卫生组织)5亿美元,中国一年给它3900万。但中国对它的影响太大。他们对它盯得很紧。这是我之前的政府干的坏事。我们很猛,我们说,我问,为什么我们要比中国付的多的多?中国有14亿人,我们有3亿2千5百万人,也许是这个数,谁知道呢,没人能说清我们的人口是多少。

六、我下令不允许来自中国的人入境时,公卫专家都表示反对。

七、拜登的儿子从中国弄了15亿美元。
      八、CBS的记者14日也采访了特朗普,当问到与中国的关系时,特朗普说,1)目前没有任何兴趣跟中国对话;2)贸易谈判第一阶段的协议墨迹未干,中国就用病毒攻击美国;3)我还会继续“收拾”中国,咱们走着瞧。(点击这里查看《纽约时报》对这一记者招待会的报道;点击这里查看CBS对特朗普的采访。)


来源:Chanel Rion OAN Twitter

以下为美联社对特朗普白宫讲话的报道

  The legislation and order are part of the Trump administration’s offensive against China for what he calls unfair treatment by the rising Asian superpower, which hid details about the human-to-human transition of the cornoavirus. The almost daily administration broadsides against China come as Trump is defending his response to the virus, despite a surge in COVID-19 cases, in the United States and as he works to portray Biden, his expected presidential challenger, as weak on China.

  “So Joe Biden and President Obama freely allowed China to pillage our factories, plunder our communities and steal our most precious secrets,” Trump said, adding, “I’ve stopped it largely.”

  Trump added: “As vice president, Biden was a leading advocate of the Paris Climate accord, which was unbelievably expensive to our country. It would have crushed American manufacturers while allowing China to pollute the atmosphere with impunity, yet one more gift from Biden to the Chinese Communist Party.”

  Trump didn’t limit his criticism of Biden to China. He delivered broadside after broadside against Biden on issues from energy to the economy, education to immigration. Aides have pushed the president to go more negative on Biden, whom Trump has largely spared from attacks — save for the “Sleepy Joe” nickname. Trump has gone after Biden far less aggressively than he did against his 2016 opponent, Hillary Clinton.

  Trump, once more, talked up his own tough approach to Beijing, though he spent the early weeks of the pandemic praising Chinese President Xi Jinping, in hopes of securing a new trade deal. But since the two nations signed phase one of a deal, the talks have stalled with virtually no hope of restarting before the November election.

  The legislation Trump signed into law targets police units that have cracked down on Hong Kong protesters as well as Chinese Communist Party officials responsible for imposing a new, strict national security law widely seen as chipping away at Hong Kong’s autonomy. The mandatory sanctions are also required to be imposed on banks that conduct business with the officials.

Lawmakers from both parties have urged Trump to take strong action in response to China’s new national security law that erodes the “one country, two systems” framework under which Britain handed Hong Kong over to China in 1997. Hong Kong is considered a special administrative region within China and has its own governing and economic systems.

  “This law gives my administration powerful new tools to hold responsible the individuals and the entities involved in extinguishing Hong Kong’s freedom,” Trump said. “Their freedom has been taken away. Their rights have been taken away, and with it goes Hong Kong in my opinion because it will no longer be able to compete with free markets. A lot of people will be leaving Hong Kong, I suspect.”

以下为《香港自治法案》的部分内容(Hong Kong Autonomy Act

This bill imposes sanctions on foreign individuals and entities that materially contribute to China's failure to preserve Hong Kong's autonomy.

Hong Kong is part of China but has a largely separate legal and economic system with protections for civil rights such as freedom of speech. This arrangement is enshrined in (1) the Joint Declaration, a 1984 treaty pertaining to the United Kingdom's transfer of Hong Kong's sovereignty to China; and (2) the Basic Law, Hong Kong's constitutional document.

The Department of State shall report annually to Congress information about (1) foreign individuals and entities that materially contributed to China's failure to comply with the Joint Declaration or the Basic Law; and (2) foreign financial institutions that knowingly conducted a significant transaction with such identified individuals and entities. An individual, entity, or financial institution may be excluded from this report for various reasons, such as to protect an intelligence source.

The President shall impose property-blocking sanctions on an individual or entity named in a report, and visa-blocking sanctions on a named individual. The President shall impose various sanctions on a financial institution named in a report, such as prohibiting the institution from receiving loans from a U.S. financial institution.

The President may waive or terminate the imposition of sanctions under this bill. Congress may override such a waiver or termination by passing a joint resolution of disapproval.

发布时间:2020年07月15日 来源时间:2020年07月15日
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