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CAPP提醒:拜登关于亚太裔社区竞选政纲

作者:   来源:美华之音   字体放大  字体缩小
  拜登关于亚太裔社区竞选政纲 
–Highlights from Joe Biden’s Agenda for the Asian American & Pacific Islander Community
  Former Vice President Joe Biden knows that the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community is a core chapter of the American story. Our country’s ability to draw hard-working people from every culture and every nation has always made us stronger. Joe has turned bold, progressive ideas into tangible results for the AAPI community as Vice President and Senator. As Vice President, Joe stood shoulder-to-shoulder with President Obama to pass the landmark Affordable Care Act, providing health insurance to an additional 20 million people, including two million AAPIs by the time President Obama and Vice President Biden left office. The Obama-Biden Administration also re-established the White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders to improve the lives of AAPIs in the United States through federal programs, inter-agency coordination, and outreach to AAPI stakeholders. Moreover, Joe helped secure the votes to finally deliver long-awaited compensation payments for our Filipino-American World War II veterans.
  前副总统乔·拜登知道,亚太裔美国人社群是美国社会的一个核心部分。一直以来,美国吸引着来自不同的国家,拥有多元的文化背景并努力工作的移民。他们使我们的国家变得更加强大。拜登任职参议员和副总统期间,成功地落实进步的理念,为亚太裔社区带来了实实在在的成果。任职副总统期间,拜登与奥巴马总统并肩努力,通过具有里程碑意义的《平价医疗法》。到卸任时,这个法案已经为额外的两千万人提供了医疗保险,其中包含两百万亚太裔居民。奥巴马-拜登政府还重新制定了关于亚太裔居民的白宫倡议,通过联邦项目、政府机构间协调合作,以及与亚太裔社区的联系,来改善亚太裔居民的生活。在拜登的协助下,国会终于为美籍菲律宾裔二战退伍军人发放了等待了多年的补偿金。 
  Joe knows that we’re in a battle for the soul of America. Our country needs moral leadership and a unifying force in the White House, rather than a divisive one, to fight hatred and injustice. As president, Joe will continue his lifelong commitment to ensure that every member of the AAPI community is treated with dignity—no matter their race or ethnicity—and has a fair shot at the American Dream. He will: mount a decisive public health and economic response to COVID-19. We need a decisive public health response to curb the spread of COVID-19 and provide treatment to those in need—as well as a decisive economic response that delivers real relief to AAPI workers, families, and small businesses and protects the economy as a whole. Joe would ensure access to health care by ramping up testing; ensuring that testing, treatment, and any eventual vaccine for COVID-19, is free for all individuals regardless of insurance or immigration status; collecting racial, gender, and ethnic data on testing and treatment so we can identify and address disparities; and opening a new Obamacare enrollment period so AAPIs who need insurance can get it.
  拜登知道,我们现在这场选战为的是美国的核心价值。我们的国家在白宫需要有一个具备道德,致力于团结而不是分裂的领导,以对抗仇恨和不公。作为总统,拜登将继续其一生的承诺,确保亚太裔社区的每个成员,不分种族或民族,都能获得有尊严的对待,并在追求美国梦的过程中享有公平的机会。他将: 提出积极果断的公共卫生和振兴经济的方案来对抗COVID-19。我们需要果断的公共卫生应对方案来遏制COVID-19的传播,并为有需要的人们提供治疗。我们同时需要振兴经济的应对方案,为亚太裔劳工、家庭和小型企业提供真正的援助,并维护整体经济的运作。拜登将通过加强测试以确保居民获得医疗服务,并保障所有人能够得到免费的COVID-19测试、治疗和任何未来研发出的疫苗,无论个人是否拥有保险或持有何种移民身份;收集关于测试和治疗的族裔、性别和背景数据,用以识别和减少治疗差距;以及开放新的奥巴马平价医疗保险(Obamacare)注册时间,给有需要的亚太裔居民提供健康的保障。 
  He would protect AAPI workers providing essential services by getting them the protective equipment that they need to reduce their risk of getting infected by the virus; implementing and enforcing standards to keep all AAPI workers safe on the frontlines and ensure that their civil rights are protected; and providing a boost in AAPI essential workers’ paychecks. Joe would also reserve half of all the new Paycheck Protection Program funds for small businesses with 50 employees or less, authorize more generous loans that allow for small businesses in need to keep workers on payroll and cover fixed costs, and provide a guarantee that every qualifying AAPI small business will get relief. And, he would produce a weekly dashboard to show which small businesses are accessing loans—to make sure that the program isn’t leaving out communities, minority- and women-owned businesses, or the smallest businesses. Joe’s eight-point plan for a stronger, safer, more effective reopening ensures we protect Americans, especially those at high risk, while restoring consumer confidence and setting the foundation for an economy that works for everyone.
  拜登将为从事疫情期间基本服务的亚太裔劳工提供必需的防护设备,以降低被病毒感染的风险,并落实和执行标准,以保障所有亚太裔劳工在第一线的工作安全,进一步保障每个人的公民权利和提高亚太裔基本服务劳工的薪资。拜登将确保未来“薪资保障计划”拨款中的一半会保留给员工人数在50人以下的小型企业,批准更为宽松的企业贷款,帮助有困难的小型企业保留工作岗位,支付固定开支,并保障每个符合条件的亚太裔小型企业都能获得补助。拜登将会每周公布统计数据,让公众可以看到哪些小型企业正在使用贷款,以确保计划不会遗漏社区拥有的企业,少数族裔拥有的企业,和女性拥有的企业,以及最小型的企业。拜登八点计划的目的是建立一个更强大、更安全、更有效的美国经济重启计划,以确保我们能够保护包含高风险人群在内的所有美国人,恢复大众的消费信心,为全民经济奠定基础。
  Since the outbreak of COVID-19, we’ve heard an increasing number of reports of the Asian American community being targeted with hate. These racist acts must stop. They are grounded in an impulse that is as ugly as it is dangerously ignorant. They are not who we are as a country. No one should be targeted for what they look like, where their ancestors come from, or who they are. Joe will provide the leadership we need to address every aspect of this pandemic—including the spate of racist incidents targeting Asian Americans—with urgency and seriousness.
  自COVID-19爆发以来,我们听到愈来愈多的新闻,报道亚裔社区成了仇恨袭击目标。这些仇恨行为必须马上被制止。这种行为来自既丑陋又愚昧无知的冲动。这些人不能代表我们这个国家。没有人应该因为我们的外貌、我们的祖先来自何处、或他们是谁而受到攻击。 拜登将提供我们需要的领导力,及时认真着力解决此次疫情中的各方面问题,包括针对亚裔美国人所遭遇到的的种族仇恨事件。   
  Elevate AAPI Voices and Increase AAPI Representation in Government. The Obama-Biden Administration appointed more AAPI judges than all previous administrations combined and encouraged AAPI hiring in senior staff positions. Joe will nominate and appoint federal officials and judges who look like the population of America, including AAPI individuals. He will build on the Obama-Biden Administration’s Initiative on AAPIs and the President’s Advisory Commission on AAPIs to ensure that federal agencies are considering the AAPI community in the design and implementation of federal programs and that AAPI community leaders have a voice in a Biden Administration. He also knows how to bring key stakeholders to the table to ensure that the communities of those impacted by policies are an essential part of the decision-making process. He will do the same with the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) community by strengthening the Pacific Island Task Force, established by the Obama-Biden Administration.
  提升亚太裔的发言权,并增加政府内的亚太裔代表性。奥巴马-拜登政府所任命的亚太裔法官人数超过历届政府的总和,政府也鼓励聘用亚太裔出任高层职位。拜登将提名并任命能够充分代表包含亚太裔在内的全体美国人的联邦政府官员和法官。他将持续发展奥巴马-拜登政府的亚太裔倡议和奥巴马总统的亚太裔顾问委员会,确保联邦政府的政策在设计和实施过程中能够考虑到亚太裔社区,以及亚太裔社区领袖在拜登政府中有发言权。拜登知道必须召集受到政策影响的利益各方都参加会议,确保各个社区成为决策过程的重要一员。他将加强由奥巴马-拜登政府所成立的太平洋岛特别小组的力量,实现对夏威夷原住民和太平洋岛民社区的承诺。
  Protect and Build on the Affordable Care Act. Many AAPIs often face language and cultural barriers that reduce their accessibility to health care. Joe believes that every American should have access to affordable and quality health care and he will defend health care protections for all people. He will give Americans a new choice to purchase a public health insurance option like Medicare. He will stand up to abuse of power by prescription drug corporations. And, he will redouble efforts to ensure enforcement of mental health parity laws and expand funding for mental health services. Joe will also double the federal investment in community health centers, expanding access to high quality health care for AAPI populations that need it most. He will improve care for AAPI patients with chronic conditions by coordinating among all of a patient’s doctors and tackling social determinants of health. And, Joe will expand access to reproductive health care, including contraception and protecting the constitutional right to choose.
   保护并持续推动《平价医疗法》。许多亚太裔居民经常因为语言障碍和文化隔阂,降低了获得适当医疗服务的机会。拜登相信每个美国人都应该获得平价、优质的医疗保健,他也将捍卫所有人得到医疗保健的权益。在购买医疗保险方面,他会为美国人提供一个类似联邦医疗保险(Medicare) 的新公共医疗保险计划。他将抵制各大处方制药公司滥用权力,并会加倍努力确保精神健康平等法能够得以执行,并扩大精神健康服务的拨款。拜登将对社区保健中心的联邦投资增加一倍,让最有需要的亚太裔居民都可获得更高质量的健保服务。他将改善对亚太裔慢性病患者的医护条件,通过提倡患者的各个医生之间互相沟通合作,共同应付影响健康的社会因素。拜登还将增加居民获得生育健康保健服务的机会,其中包括避孕措施和受宪法保护的选择权。
  Invest in our Students and Educators. Too many parents in the AAPI community do not have access to the resources and support they need to ensure that their children will succeed. Joe will invest in all children from birth to 12th grade, so that regardless of their zip code, parents’ income, race, or disability, they are prepared to succeed in tomorrow’s economy. As the President, Joe will provide high-quality, universal pre-kindergarten for all three- and four-year-olds. He will triple Title I funding, which goes to schools serving a high number of children from low-income families. This new funding will first be used to ensure teachers at Title I schools are paid competitively, three- and four-year olds have access to pre-school, and districts provide access to rigorous coursework across all their schools. He will also build the best, most innovative schools in the country in AAPI communities without access to quality schools, other communities of color, and low-income communities; expand the community school model, bringing needed support for students and parents into our public schools; double the number of mental health professionals in our schools; and protect AAPI students from bullying. He will improve teacher diversity by supporting more innovative approaches to recruiting teachers of color and working with minority-serving institutions, including Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions (AANAPISIs), to recruit and prepare teachers.
    投资于学生和教育工作者。 亚太裔社群中有太多父母缺乏教育资源和帮助,而这些对他们的孩子将来是否能够取得成功至关重要。拜登将投资教育,让所有从出生到12年级的孩子,无论住在何处、父母收入多少、属于任何种族、是否有失能,都能够得到在未来的经济社会中取得成功的机会。作为总统,拜登将为所有三到四岁的孩子提供高质量的全民学前教育。他将把目前的教育资金(Title 1)提升三倍,该资金主要是拨给有许多来自低收入家庭学生的学校。这笔追加款项首先用于确保这类学校教学的老师能够获得有竞争力的薪资,让三岁和四岁的孩子能够接受学前教育,并确保该社区内所有的学校都能够获得严谨且高质量的教程。拜登将在缺少高质量学校的亚太裔社区和其他有色族裔社区和低收入的社区内建立最好、最具创新理念的学校;扩展社区学校模式,将学生和家长所需要的帮助带进我们的公立学校;将学校的心理卫生专业人员数量提高一倍;以及保护亚太裔学生不受欺凌。为提高教师的多样性,他支持采用更创新的方法来招募有色族裔的教师,并通过与为少数族裔服务的教育机构合作来招募及培训教师,包括专为亚太裔和美洲原住民服务的教育机构。
  Support Education Beyond High School. Joe will make public colleges and universities tuition-free for all AAPI students whose family incomes are below $125,000. He will also provide two years of community college or other high-quality training program without debt for any hard-working member of the AAPI community looking to learn and improve their skills to keep up with the changing nature of work. He will also double the maximum value of Pell grants, increasing the number of middle-class AAPIs who can participate in the program and increasing the grant value for individuals already eligible for Pell. And, he will halve the payments on undergraduate federal student loans by simplifying and increasing the generosity of today’s income-based repayment program. In addition, he will forgive all undergraduate tuition-related federal student debt from two- and four-year public colleges for debt-holders earning up to $125,000, which will include private minority-serving institutions. Joe will also take steps to rectify the funding disparities faced by minority-serving institutions, including AANAPISIs, so that the United States can benefit from their unique strengths.
    支持高中以上的教育。拜登将让家庭年收入低于十二万五千美元的亚太裔学生都能够免学费上公立大学。 亚太裔社群内任何辛勤工作的成员,如果想藉由学习来提升专业技能以适应不断变化的职场需求,拜登将让他们可以参加两年制社区大学或其他优质的职业培训计划而无须承担债务。他将把联邦Pell助学金计划的最高金额提升一倍,增加亚太裔中产阶级家庭能够参与该计划的学生人数,并提高已经符合该计划要求的学生的奖助学金额度。他将简化并优化目前基于收入的还款计划,进而使本科联邦学生贷款还贷额减半。此外,对于收入在十二万五千美元以下、曾就读于二年或四年制公立大学(包括招生对象是少数族裔的私立学校)的贷款人,他将免除一切与本科学费有关的联邦贷款。拜登还将采取措施,解决为少数族裔(包括亚太裔及美洲原住民)服务的教育机构所面临的资金短缺问题,使其能够发挥独特优势,回馈造福美国。
  Counter Rise in Hate Crimes. From grocery stores to workplaces to simply being in their community, many AAPIs, including Sikh, Hindu, and Muslim Americans, have continually faced discrimination and hate, which is further exacerbated by Trump’s dangerous rhetoric and fanning the flames of hate. When the rights and freedoms of some are threatened by hate, it threatens us all. The Obama-Biden Administration added “Anti-Sikh” and “Anti-Hindu” to the Department of Justice’s hate crime reporting categories. The administration also provided resources and worked with local leaders to combat bullying directed at the AAPI community. Joe will make clear that hate has no safe harbor in this country. And, his Justice Department will prioritize prosecuting hate crimes.
    对抗日益增加的仇恨犯罪。无论是日用杂货店,还是工作地点,甚至在自己居住的社区,许多亚太裔居民,包括锡克教、印度教和伊斯兰教美国人在内,在川普愈演愈烈的仇恨教唆和煽风点火之下,常年来不断地遭受到歧视与仇视。当一部分人的权利和自由被仇恨所威胁, 即是所有人都受到了威胁。奥巴马-拜登政府的司法部把“反锡克教”与“反印度教”加入了仇恨罪行报告的类别。奥巴马-拜登政府为亚太裔社区领导人提供资源并与他们密切合作,反击针对亚太裔社区的霸凌。拜登将确保仇恨在这个国家里没有藏身之处。并且,他的司法部将优先起诉这类仇恨犯罪。
  End our Gun Violence Epidemic. Joe has taken on the National Rifle Association (NRA) on the national stage and won—twice. As president, he will defeat the NRA again. Joe will pursue constitutional, common-sense gun safety policies. He will protect our families, schools, and communities, by holding gun manufacturers accountable; getting weapons of war off our streets, including by banning the manufacture and sale of assault weapons and high-capacity magazines; and keeping guns out of dangerous hands, including by requiring background checks for all gun sales and closing loopholes in the federal background check system.
    终止枪枝暴力的泛滥。拜登曾在全国范围里挑战美国步枪协会,并两次取得胜利。作为总统,他将会再次击败美国步枪协会。拜登将推进合乎宪法和常理的枪枝安全政策。为了保护我们的家庭、学校和社群,他将要求枪械制造商承担责仼;让战争级别的武器从街头消失(包括禁止制造和出售进攻型武器和多弹头弹匣);以及禁止枪枝落到危险人物手中,包括强制执行所有枪枝贩售前的买家背景调查以及填补联邦背景调查系统中的漏洞。
  Protect our Planet against Climate Change. The climate crisis continues to threaten AAPI communities, particularly the NHPI community. Certain islands may become uninhabitable by 2030 without immediate action. In addition, two states with the highest percentage of AAPIs—Hawaii and California—remain vulnerable to the risks from climate change. Joe has long understood the enormity of climate change and that we have a moral and economic imperative to address it. Joe’s plan will tackle climate change and pollution to protect our communities. He will rejoin the Paris Agreement on day one, and then rally the rest of the world to up the ante on their climate commitments. At home, he will ensure that communities harmed by climate change and pollution are the first to benefit from his clean economy revolution. He will push the United States to achieve a 100 percent clean energy economy and reach net zero emissions no later than 2050. Joe’s plan will create 10 million good-paying jobs in the United States and hold polluters accountable. He will work to ensure that every member of the AAPI community has access to clean drinking water, clean air, and an environment free from pollutants. And, every dollar spent towards rebuilding infrastructure will be used to prevent, reduce, and withstand a changing climate.
    保护地球免遭气候变化的危害。气候变化危机正持续地威胁亚太裔社群,特别是夏威夷岛原住民和太平洋岛居民社群。如果不立即采取行动,某些岛屿到2030年时将可能变得无法居住。此外,亚太裔人口比例最高的两个州,加州和夏威夷州,仍然面临气候变化带来的危险。拜登很久以前就意识到气候变化带来的巨大危害,明白我们有道义上及经济上的责任去应对气候变化这个问题。拜登将处理气候变化和污染问题,以保护我们的社区。他将在就任的第一天重新加入巴黎协议,然后动员世界各国提高对应对气候问题的承诺。在国内,他会确保那些受气候变化和污染危害的社区首先受惠于他的绿色经济革命。他将推动美国在2050年以前实现100%清洁能源经济和碳排放归零。拜登的计划将会在全美创造一千万个优渥薪资的工作岗位,并要求污染者承担责任。他将确保每一个亚太裔社区成员都能享用干净的饮用水、清洁的空气和一个没有污染的环境。而且,花在重建基础设施的每一分钱都将用来阻止、减少及应对气候变化。
  Secure our Values as a Nation of Immigrants. Donald Trump has waged an unrelenting assault on our values and our history as a nation of immigrants. It’s wrong, and it stops when Joe is president. Joe will rescind Trump’s “Muslim ban” on day one and reverse the detrimental asylum policies that are causing chaos and a humanitarian crisis at our border. Joe will immediately begin working with Congress to pass legislative immigration reform that modernizes our system, with a priority on keeping families together by providing a roadmap to citizenship for nearly 11 million undocumented immigrants—including the 1.7 million from Asia.
    确保移民国家的价值认同。川普每时每刻都在攻击我们这个移民国家的历史和价值观。那是错误的!拜登当选后,将纠正这种错误。拜登将会立刻终止川普的“禁穆令”,并撤销造成边境混乱和人道主义灾难的有害难民政策。当选后,拜登将立即开始与国会一起讨论移民改革立法事宜,使移民制度能够合乎现代化的需求。这项移民改革的目的主要在于保障家庭能够团聚,为一千一百万(包括来自亚洲的一百七十万)无证移民提供路线图,让他们有机会成为公民。
  He will support family-based immigration and preserve family unification as a core principle of our immigration system, which includes reducing the family visa backlog. He will increase the number of visas offered for permanent, work-based immigration based on macroeconomic conditions and exempt from any cap recent graduates of PhD programs in STEM fields. And, he will support first reforming the temporary visa system for high-skill, specialty workers to protect wages, then expanding the number of visas offered and eliminating the limits on employment-based visas by country. He will restore and defend the naturalization process for green card holders. And, he will increase the number of refugees we welcome into this country by setting the annual global refugee admissions target to 125,000 and seek to raise it over time commensurate with our responsibility, our values, and the unprecedented global need. He will also work with Congress to establish a minimum admissions number of 95,000 refugees annually. Joe will remove the uncertainty for Dreamers by reinstating the DACA program and explore all legal options to protect their families from inhumane separation. As president, Joe will end workplace raids and protect other sensitive locations from immigration enforcement actions. No one should be afraid to seek medical attention, or go to school, their job, or their place of worship for fear of an immigration enforcement action.
    拜登将支持亲属移民,维护家庭团聚在移民制度中作为核心原则的地位,包括减少亲属移民签证积压。在适当的宏观经济条件下,他会增加工作移民签证限额, 取消在STEM领域获得博士学位的毕业生移民名额限制。他将对高技能和特殊行业的临时工作签证制度进行改革,保护平均工资水平,并增加签证数量,取消工作移民签证的国别上限。拜登将恢复和维护绿卡持有人的归化制度。他将增加接受难民数目,把年度接受全球难民指标定于十二万五千人,之后持续增加难民的接受数目,使之与美国的道义责任、价值观、和空前的全球需求相符。他将与国会合作,规定每年接受难民的数目不低于九万五千人。拜登将恢复DACA计划,使追梦人(DREAMERs)不再面对各种的不确定,也将进一步采取各种法律措施,以避免家庭破碎的人伦悲剧继续发生。作为总统,拜登将终止移民执法部门对工作场所的突袭检查,并保护其他较为敏感的场所。任何人都不该因为担心移民执法而不能安心地去求医、上学、工作和参加宗教活动。
  Spark Entrepreneurship and Small Business Growth in AAPI Communities. There are nearly two million AAPI-owned businesses across the United States, which drive economic growth and opportunity across the country. However, many of these businesses often struggle with issues such as access to funding and language barriers that complicate small business development for AAPI communities. In 2010, the Obama-Biden Administration created the State Small Business Credit Initiative (SSBCI) to support small businesses. The program transfers funds to state small business lending initiatives, driving $10 billion in new lending for each $1 billion in SSBCI funds. Joe will extend the program through 2025 and double its federal funding to $3 billion, driving close to $30 billion of private sector investments to small businesses all told, especially those owned by women and people of color. Joe will also increase funding for the Minority Business Development Agency budget. And, he will establish a competitive grant program to provide $5 billion in funding to states for new business startups outside of our biggest cities.
    促进亚太裔社区的创业精神和提高小型企业的增长。分布全美的近两百万个亚太裔企业,推动了经济增长,创造了经济机会。然而,许多企业经常遇到诸如缺乏资金和语言障碍等问题,导致亚太裔社区小型企业发展困难重重。2010年,奥巴马-拜登政府创立了“州属小型企业信贷计划”(SSBCI),以支持小型企业的发展。该计划将资金转移到各州的小型企业贷款计划中,每注入10亿美元的小型企业信贷计划资金,就能够带来100亿美元的贷款发放。拜登将把该计划延期至2025年,并将其联邦补助资金提高一倍,达到30亿美元,进而推动私营部门向所有小型企业(尤其是女性和有色族裔拥有的企业)投资近300亿美元。拜登将增加少数族裔商业发展局的资金预算。并建立一项具有竞争力的补助计划,为各州提供50亿美元的资金,用于帮助位于主要城市以外的新兴企业。
  Eliminate Language Barriers for AAPI Communities. Language barriers to vital services and resources can prevent limited English proficient AAPIs from realizing their potential and the American Dream. Joe will build on the work of the Obama-Biden Administration, which ensured that members of the AAPI community who were limited English proficient had access to health care and other government services. For example, the administration produced outreach videos in Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Burmese, Hmong, Khmer, and Lao to ensure that members of those communities were able to take advantage of the Affordable Care Act’s benefits and coverage. Joe will direct his agencies to identify ways to increase access to federal programs for AAPI individuals and families, including those who are limited English proficient. He will also create neighborhood resource centers or welcome centers to help all residents find jobs; access services and English-language learning opportunities; and navigate the school system, health care system, and other important facets of daily life. And, he will ensure that all public schools have sufficient English-language learning support to help all children reach their potential.
    消除亚太裔社群的语言障碍。语言障碍可能导致难以获得重要的服务和资源,使部分英语能力有限的亚太裔无法发挥潜能和实现美国梦。拜登将在奥巴马-拜登政府的工作基础上,进一步确保部分英语能力有限的亚太裔社区成员能够获得医疗保健和其他政府服务。例如,奥巴马政府过去以中文,韩语,越南语,缅甸语,苗语,高棉语和老挝语制作了外联视频,以确保这些社群的成员能够获得《平价医疗法》的福利和医疗保障。拜登将要求其政府机构研究有效的途径,以增加亚太裔个人和家庭,包含英语能力有限者,能够获得联邦服务的机会。他还将创建社区资源中心或接待中心,以帮助所有居民找到工作,获取服务和英语学习的机会,熟悉学校系统、医疗保健系统和其他日常生活的方方面面。他也将确保所有公立学校都能够充分提供英语学习支持,帮助所有孩子发挥潜能。
  Strengthen the Right to Vote. For the approximately 33 percent of AAPIs who are limited English proficient, the difficulty of navigating through the voting process remains a critical obstacle to fully realizing the values of our democracy. This barrier, along with the gutting of the Voting Rights Act, significantly diminishes the participation of communities of color, including the AAPI community, in the democratic process. Joe will strengthen our democracy by guaranteeing that every American’s vote is protected. He will start by restoring the Voting Rights Act and then ensuring the Justice Department challenges state laws suppressing the right to vote. He will support automatic voter registration, same-day voter registration, and other steps to make exercising one’s right to vote easier. He will support an end to gerrymandering and will protect our voting booths and voter rolls from foreign powers that seek to undermine our democracy and interfere in our elections.
    加强选民的投票权。对于大约33%的英语能力有限的亚太裔居民来说,他们在投票过程中的操作困难仍是我们是否能够全面实现民主价值的关键障碍。这个障碍,以及“投票权利法”被弱化,大大减少了包括亚太裔社区在内的有色族裔社群对于民主过程的参与。拜登将会增强我们的民主机制,保障每个美国人手中的一票都能得到保护。首先,他将恢复“投票权利法”,确保司法部对压制投票权的州法提出挑战。他将支持自动化选民登记、当日选民登记、以及其他措施以保障人民更易行使投票权。他将支持终结以党派利益畸形划分选区的做法,并保护我们的投票站和选民名单,免其受到恶意损害我们民主机制和干预我们大选的外国势力的干扰。 
  Disaggregate Data to Achieve Equal Representation. The aggregation of data on the AAPI community does a disservice to the diversity and needs of AAPIs. The Obama-Biden Administration released best practices for the disaggregation of federal data on AAPIs. Joe will build on this work and ensure that his administration recognizes and serves the myriad of challenges facing diverse AAPI communities. Invest in our AAPI Communities through Housing. As president, Joe will invest $640 billion over 10 years so everyone in the AAPI community has access to housing that is affordable, stable, safe and healthy, accessible, energy efficient and resilient, and located near good schools and with a reasonable commute to their jobs.
    细化数据资料,实现公平代表。亚太裔社区的数据资料未被细化,导致不能有效地满足亚太裔居民的多样性和需求。奥巴马-拜登政府发布了有关细化亚太裔联邦数据资料的最佳方式。拜登会继续这项工作,确保政府能够理解并应对多元化的亚太裔社群所面临的诸多挑战。通过住房供给投资我们的亚太裔社区。作为总统,拜登将在10年内投资6400亿美元,让每个亚太裔社区成员能够获得可负担、稳定、安全、健康、无障碍、节能、可抵御灾害、靠近好学校,以及通勤时间合理的住房。
  He will help AAPI families buy their first homes and build wealth by creating a new refundable, advanceable tax credit of up to $15,000 and create a new renter’s tax credit to help more low-income families. Joe will create a new public credit reporting agency within the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to provide consumers with a government option that seeks to minimize racial disparities, for example by ensuring the algorithms used for credit scoring don’t have a discriminatory impact and by accepting non-traditional sources of data like rental history and utility bills to establish credit. He will end redlining and other discriminatory and unfair practices in the housing market, including by enacting legislation for a new Homeowner and Renter Bill of Rights, protecting tenants from eviction, strengthening and expanding the Community Reinvestment Act to ensure that our nation’s banks and non-bank financial services institutions serve AAPI communities, and implementing the Obama-Biden Administration’s Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing Rule. He will also establish a $100 billion Affordable Housing Fund to construct and upgrade affordable housing and invest in community development by expanding flexible funding for the Community Development Block Grant by $10 billion over ten years.
    他将创建一个可全额退税、可预支、上限达15,000美元的新税收抵免制度和一个全新的房租税收抵免制度,以帮助更多的低收入家庭,从而帮助亚太裔家庭购买首套房产及积累财富。拜登将在消费者金融保护局内建立一个新的公共信用报告机构,给予消费者一个政府选项,减少种族之间的差异。这个方案将确保信用评分算法避免具有歧视性倾向,并接受非传统数据资料来建立消费者信用,如租赁历史记录和水电费账单等。他将终结房屋市场的贷款歧视和其他歧视性和不公平做法,包括对新的“屋主和租户权利法案”进行立法,保护租户免遭驱逐,保障并扩大社区“再投资法案”,确保我们国家的银行和非银行金融服务机构为亚太裔社群提供服务,实施奥巴马-拜登政府的“公平地促进公平住房条例” 。他还将创立1000亿美元的平价住房基金,用以建造及改善平价住房供给。未来十年内他将投资促进社区发展,把100亿美元用做“社区发展整体补助款计划” 扩大弹性拨款 。 
  鸣谢:
  翻译:Jason Chen, James Chen, Jessie Zhou, Xuemei Li, J Lu, Sonia
  校对:James Chen, Jessie Zhou, PT,J Lu,Jeff Xie,Lu Shi
  终审:罗玲,陈思
  编辑:瑾心
发布时间:2020年08月10日 来源时间:2020年08月10日
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